Oblique Strategies, Retrospectively

From fun guy Merlin Sheldrake’s new book, Entangled Life:

Among the biggest implications of  [Lynn Margulis’] endosymbiotic theory is that whole suites of abilities have been acquired in a flash, in evolutionary terms, ready-evolved, from organisms that are no one’s parents, nor one’s species, kingdom or even domain. [Joshua] Lederberg demonstrated that bacteria can horizontally acquire genes. The endosymbiotic theory proposed that single-celled organisms had horizontally acquired entire bacteria. Horizontal gene transfer transformed bacterial genomes into cosmopolitan places; endosymbiosis transformed cells into cosmopolitan places.

Oblique strategy #1: swap time and space axes (Lederberg)

Oblique strategy #2: consider a whole as part of a bigger whole (Margulis)